I read the opinion article "Are Jobs Obsolete?" Regardless of the answer, if you like to eat, you have to have a job. Still I though the article was a good one. I've read many science fiction books where very few of the people in the future have real jobs. Productivity will be high and it simply won't be necessary. Everyone will be cared for, at least to comfortable minimum standards, and want for nothing--except a job. There will be fierce competition for future jobs simply because many people will be bored.
I don't understand the bored part because with sufficient resources and time I can think of any number of things to do. Since I'm retired, I have the time, but I don't necessarily have the resources. I am not rich, or one of the elite. And that brings about several points the author of the article noted. One point was that long ago people actually didn't have a job as we know it now. Mostly they did what they had to do to survive and bartered their excess goods and services for goods and services from others. One fly in the ointment at that time was the elite--the aristocracy--the Kings and Queens--who lived off of taxes, or whatever they took from the peons for allowing them to--survive. Who put the elite in that position?
We have some parallels today in that we still have an elite--an aristocracy--maybe we'll call them the upper class, CEOs, Congress?, etc., etc., who live by taking from the peons--oh wait--now we're the middle class (and losing ground). And I still wonder who put the elite in their position.
Inequality of classes has always been a problem. I think it's gonna be a bigger problem in the near future. I'm not going to get into this deeply because it will just confuse me more and get away from the crux of the article. Are Jobs Obsolete? No,they're not--yet. I think in the future we will have to see massive changes in our current economic model. But, we will always need to see rewards for productivity--no matter what form that productivity takes. Maybe a more equable economic system than the one we have today.